The purpose of this essay is to suggest 8 change in the production process of the economy of Burma to cope with the problem of foreign-exchange constraints. The attempt, however, is not to search for an export sector of a certain size which is sufficient to close the foreign-exchange gap; it is rather to put forward a policy of diversification in production and export which will likely help Burma to earn more foreign exchange than the continuation of the present concentration on the traditional crop, viz., rice. Since the Burmese economy is still an agricultural one, the argument will be carried out in terms of diversification in the agricultural sector in the first place, but it will be extended to embrace the possibility as well:: the problems of producing and exporting light manufactured products as the country advances along the p8th of development. More specifically, we shall find out whether or not a new crop such 8S soybeans will enable the country to improve its present foreign-exchange earnings, and as the economy grows what types of manufactured products will be suitable for production and exports. As a rule, any policy suggestion carries with it certain, problems of implementation. 1n this case, the main problem is the attitude of the populace or more precisely, the responsiveness of the decision-making unite at the lowest level. Since diversification into the manufacturing field will have to follow, as we argue here, that of agriculture, we shall concern ourselves only with the various problems associated with the shift of concentration from one crop to another.