The practice of occupational therapy is undergoing threats to its operation both at the clinical level of service delivery, and at the broader level of the profession as a whole, as a result of two major impacts from the operating environment. The first impact is the demand from the health industry for the increasing efficiency of all health care providers in the face of limited resources and increasing demands. The second is in the form of the internal problems of the profession that are detracting from organizational effectiveness.
This report outlines changing trends in the health industry, and the internal circumstances of the occupational therapy profession, and discusses four particular areas of management as they relate to occupational therapy practice - namely, strategy and planning; motivation, satisfaction, and organizational effectiveness; the staffing function; and control, efficiency and productivity.
The report is based on a literature survey, and interviews with practising occupational therapy managers. It is concluded that effective management, including the use of strategic planning, appropriate personnel policies, and attention to improving efficiency of services, can benefit occupational therapists by assisting them to avert threats to the growth of the profession I and also to take up current opportunities in the health industry.