Boosting in athletes with high-level spinal cord injury: Knowledge, incidence and attitudes of athletes in paralympic sport

Bhambhani, Yagesh, Mactavish, Jennifer, Warren, Sharon, Thompson, Walter R., Webborn, Anthony, Bressan, Elizabeth, De Mello, Marco Tuilo, Tweedy, Sean, Malone, Laurie, Frojd, Kennet, Van De Vliet, Peter and Vanlandewijck,Yves (2010) Boosting in athletes with high-level spinal cord injury: Knowledge, incidence and attitudes of athletes in paralympic sport. Disability And Rehabilitation, 32 26: 2172-2190. doi:10.3109/09638288.2010.505678


Author Bhambhani, Yagesh
Mactavish, Jennifer
Warren, Sharon
Thompson, Walter R.
Webborn, Anthony
Bressan, Elizabeth
De Mello, Marco Tuilo
Tweedy, Sean
Malone, Laurie
Frojd, Kennet
Van De Vliet, Peter
Vanlandewijck,Yves
Title Boosting in athletes with high-level spinal cord injury: Knowledge, incidence and attitudes of athletes in paralympic sport
Journal name Disability And Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0963-8288
1464-5165
Publication date 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/09638288.2010.505678
Volume 32
Issue 26
Start page 2172
End page 2190
Total pages 19
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A.
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is unique to individuals with spinal injuries (SCI) at T6 or above and can be voluntarily induced. Although AD improves wheelchair racing performance in some athletes, it also elicits exaggerated blood pressure, which could be dangerous. The International Paralympic Committee considers AD doping and banned its use.

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate AD knowledge, incidence and attitudes (KIA) of Paralympians with SCI.

Methods

An existing questionnaire was modified to include questions of AD KIA, validated by three experts and piloted with a small sample. It was administered on-line, mailed to members of a scientific network and distributed during the Beijing Paralympic Games. Fisher Exact test was used to evaluate differences across gender, injury and education.

Results

Of 99 participants, 54.5% had previously heard of AD while 39.4% were unaware; 16.7%, all males, had used AD to enhance performance. Participants reported that AD was (1) useful for middle (78.6%) and long distance (71.4%), marathon (64.3%) and wheelchair rugby (64.3%); (2) somewhat dangerous (48.9%), dangerous (21.3%) or very dangerous (25.5%) to health. Results were not influenced by age, injury level or injury duration.

Conclusions

Findings indicate the need for educational programmes directed towards enhancing the AD knowledge of rehabilitation professionals, coaches and trainers working with SCI individuals.

© 2010 Informa UK, Ltd.
Keyword Boosting survey
Paralympic athletes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 19 Dec 2010, 00:14:17 EST