Improvement of energy efficiency of rock comminution through reduction of thermal losses

Djordjevic, Nenad (2010) Improvement of energy efficiency of rock comminution through reduction of thermal losses. Minerals Engineering, 23 15: 1237-1244. doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2010.08.019

Author Djordjevic, Nenad
Title Improvement of energy efficiency of rock comminution through reduction of thermal losses
Journal name Minerals Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0892-6875
Publication date 2010-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.mineng.2010.08.019
Volume 23
Issue 15
Start page 1237
End page 1244
Total pages 8
Editor B. A. Wills
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The principal objective of this work was to develop a thermal imaging technique to measure the radiant heat coming from rock particles during or immediately after crushing, with the purpose of minimising energy losses while maintaining the efficiency of rock crushing. The main goal of the work was energy optimization of crushing in High Pressure Grinding Rolls (HPGR). We were able to perform reproducible measurements of the temperature increase that occurs during transient events such as dynamic rock breakage and HPGR crushing. Results obtained show that with an increase of energy introduced, there is an increase in the maximum temperature along the fractured surface as well as increases in the overall amount of thermal energy.

Results obtained during HPGR testing clearly indicate that there is an optimum intensity of pressure to which rock needs to be exposed. Any further increase in pressure, results in only a marginal increase in fragmentation and a significant increase in unproductive heating of rock. We were also concerned about the effect of the size of particles coming into the HPGR. The fraction of new fine material (fines) produced during HPGR crushing is much higher in the case of feed with a narrow size distribution, i.e. without pre-existing fines. Significantly, improved performance is achieved with a reduced amount of net comminution energy.

Observed relative crushing inefficiency of feed with a wide fragment size distribution (containing fines and coarse particles), is due to a large amount of pre-exiting fines, which clog the pore space between coarser fragments. In the compressed zone of the HPGR this creates approximately hydrostatic compressive loading conditions, which require much higher pressure (i.e. energy) to cause breakage of coarser particles. Experimental results indicate that up to 40% of energy can be saved through optimization of the applied pressure and modification of feed fragments size distribution.
© 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Comminution
Process optimization
Infrared radiation
Surface energies
Crack growth
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre Publications
Official 2011 Collection
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 19 Dec 2010, 00:06:03 EST