Jean-Baptiste Bélanger, Hydraulic Engineer and Academic

Chanson, Hubert (2010) Jean-Baptiste Bélanger, Hydraulic Engineer and Academic. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Engineering and Computational Mechanics, 163 4: 227-233. doi:10.1680/eacm.2010.163.4.227

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Title Jean-Baptiste Bélanger, Hydraulic Engineer and Academic
Journal name Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Engineering and Computational Mechanics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1755-0777
Publication date 2010-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1680/eacm.2010.163.4.227
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 163
Issue 4
Start page 227
End page 233
Total pages 7
Place of publication London , U.K.
Publisher I C E Publishing
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract Jean-Baptiste Bélanger (1790–1874) worked as a hydraulic engineer at the beginning of his career. He developed the backwater equation to calculate the free-surface profile of gradually varied, steady open channel flow. He also introduced the concept of critical flow and the numerical technique called the direct step method. Later, as an academic staff member at the leading French engineering schools (Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées and Ecole Polytechnique), he developed a new university curriculum in mechanics and wrote several textbooks including a seminal text in hydraulic engineering. His influence on his contemporaries was considerable, and his name is written on the border of one of the four façades of the Eiffel Tower. Bélanger's leading role demonstrated the dynamism of practising engineers at the time, and his contributions paved the way to many significant works in hydraulics and fluid dynamics during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Keyword fluid mechanics
hydraulics & hydrodynamics
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Fri, 17 Dec 2010, 12:17:35 EST by Hubert Chanson on behalf of School of Civil Engineering