Three species of yellow-eared honeyeater (genus Meliphaga) occur in north-eastern Queensland. Distributional data collected between Darnly Island in Torres Strait and Conway National Park south of Bowen showed that Lewin's Honeyeater, Meliphaga lewinii, is generally found in highland rainforests (above 450m altitude) while the Yellow-spotted and Graceful Honeyeaters are restricted to lowland forests in the Wet Tropics. In Torres Strait the Graceful Honeyeater, Meliphaga gracilis, is restricted to Moa Island while the Yellow-spotted Honeyeater, Meliphaga notata, is found on most wooded islands. On Cape York Peninsula north of Cooktown, Lewin's Honeyeater is restricted to the rainforest of higher altitudes (above 550m) in McIlwraith Range, but south of Cooktown it is also distributed to some coastal lowland rainforests. The two lowland species occur commonly in rainforests and adjacent vegetation including mangroves on Cape York Peninsula. South of Townsville their distributions taper out while Lewin's Honeyeater occurs in all types of rainforest at all altitudes. The Lewin's Honeyeater of the Wet Tropics was considerably smaller than its south-eastern Queensland counterpart. Numerical analysis of measurements taken from netted birds showed size differences in all standard measurements between the two lowland species, but sexual size differences within each species, most significantly contributed to by bill length, produced some overlap of measurements between the female Yellow-spotted Honeyeater and the male Graceful Honeyeater. Further investigation of sexual size differences within species and ecological differences between species is required for the understanding of relationships among the yellow-eared honeyeaters in tropical Queensland habitats.