The object of this research report is to review and integrate the various theoretical perspectives on career development in organisations. The report also aims to review and elaborate on the application of computer assisted career guidance (CACG) within this field.
The report begins by describing the changing environmental factors which give impetus to the use of career development programs in organisations. Hall's (1986) spectrum of career development activities is used to define the field. Within this area two distinct bodies of literature are identified. These are the counselling psychology perspective and the organisational psychology perspective. Major theories and developments within this literature are reviewed. The relevance of this literature to CACG is also discussed. It is concluded that, while a degree of the theoretical convergence is occurring in within the counselling perspective, integration across the counselling and organisational perspectives is a high priority.
A review of the literature associated with CACG shows that this area of practice has integrated the major theoretical streams from the counselling perspective. While the use of CACG systems in organisations has occurred to a limited extent this report proposes the further integration, both theoretical and practical, of CACG into the organisational perspective. To investigate this proposal an Australian designed CACG system is reviewed and its usefulness in a specific organisational setting (Queensland Rail) is assessed. A proposal for the adaptation of this system to meet the specific needs of Queensland Rail is put forward.