In Australia the percentage of females in the executive and managerial occupational group has remained relatively constant (II - 15%) in the last ten years. Considering there are 43% of females in the workplace, it is surprising that there are not more women in the management field. Most of the female population are employed in the service and clerical industries. Accepting that both males and females possess equal potential for developing managerial expertise, the four areas selected for exploration in this study of one hundred and seventy one Queensland managers are: career development influences, management detail personal details and managerial style.
The career development influences section was directed at eliciting groupings of factors that are important to a manager's career development. These groupings can be broken into seven related factor groupings Personal opportunities, Home Risk involved, Career Progression Job related, Managerial potential and Overseas experience.
A typical profile of a Queensland Manager as revealed by the survey shows a manager between the ages of forty-one and fifty, who has held three to four positions, worked for one or two organisations is prepared to work forty to fifty hours per week is a University graduate, has a remuneration package of $36,000 to $44,000, is responsible for a staff of over forty, turnover in excess of $10 million and controls assets over $2 million. This manager is likely to have a managerial style of an BSTJ - that is an extrovert, sensing, thinking and judging style.
Compared to the male Queensland manager, the female Queensland manager is likely to be younger, single, have no children. have a higher education, work for less remuneration and control a smaller turnover, assets and staff.
In conclusion, with the move towards a more androgynous manager both current male and female managers are well on the way to encompassing these androgny traits into their own styles. Being a manager is still and should be a collection of individual characteristics pertaining to a particular manager. There are certain traits or characteristics that will determine if one manager IS more successful than another. The characteristics attributed to Buccessful Queensland managers are:
The ability to work easily with a wide variety of people
Early responsibility for important tasks
Leadership experience early in their career
Having their capacity stretched.