Bones in pediatric Crohn's disease: A review of fracture risk in children and adults

Hill, Rebecca J., Brookes, Denise S.K. and Davies, Peter S.W. (2011) Bones in pediatric Crohn's disease: A review of fracture risk in children and adults. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 17 5: 1223-1228. doi:10.1002/ibd.21471


Author Hill, Rebecca J.
Brookes, Denise S.K.
Davies, Peter S.W.
Title Bones in pediatric Crohn's disease: A review of fracture risk in children and adults
Journal name Inflammatory Bowel Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1078-0998
1536-4844
Publication date 2011-05
Year available 2010
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1002/ibd.21471
Volume 17
Issue 5
Start page 1223
End page 1228
Total pages 6
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, U.S.A
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract There is evidence to suggest that the inflammation associated with Crohn's disease (CD) impacts the bone health of patients, predisposing them to early onset osteoporosis and increasing their risk of fracture. Fractures have been documented in patients with CD, with a high proportion of these being found during young adulthood, which suggests that these patients are not simply fracturing as a result of the normal aging process but rather due to the presence of CD. In population terms, patients with CD have increased risk of fracture compared with the general population. Studies in children suggest that, irrespective of time on corticosteroid therapy, the underlying systemic inflammation associated with CD is an independent detrimental influence on the bone health of children with CD. This poses the question as to whether the onset of disease in childhood predisposes the individual to increased risk of future fractures later in life, as a result of decreased peak bone mass during the growing years. It is generally believed that dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-assessed areal bone mineral density is a good indicator of fracture risk; however, several studies have shown this may not be the case. New research, utilizing peripheral quantitative computed tomography, which provides a true volumetric assessment of bone, suggests altered bone geometry in patients with CD, which poses a structural threat by being more brittle and susceptible to damage accumulation. Copyright © 2010 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.
Keyword Crohn’s disease
Pediatric
Bones
IBD
Fracture risk
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 7 September 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 06 Dec 2010, 14:28:56 EST by Lisa Hennell on behalf of School of Medicine