This study considers the status of poor rural women in India particularly in reference to the changes brought about by the Green Revolution. The technological change in Indian agriculture, labelled "the Green Revolution" has been lauded for its ability to increase the production and productivity of a flagging agricultural sector in India and to provide food security for its people. Despite success in this respect, the Green Revolution has also had serious implications for women. Prior to the introduction of the Green Revolution, it was believed that women played a vital role in the agricultural processes, and were an important part of household decision making. Their status was therefore relatively high. However, since the Green Revolution it is thought that women's socioeconomic status has been greatly damaged. They have been displaced from agricultural work, and have not benefited from the technological changes that have taken place in agriculture. Furthermore, women's previously strong relationship with the environment has been damaged, due to the degradation of Common Property Resources. Nonetheless, at the same time, the long term impact of the Green Revolution should not be generalised: due to the considerable variation in women's position across India, the Green Revolution will have affected women in considerably different ways depending on the social and cultural factors of the region. In fact, women's change in status goes beyond the Green Revolution, and to the heart of institutional factors prevalent in India.