Physical activity, sedentariness, and body fatness in a sample of 6-year-old Pacific children

Oliver, Melody, Schluter, Philip J., Rush, Elaine, Schofield, Grant M. and Paterson, Janis (2011) Physical activity, sedentariness, and body fatness in a sample of 6-year-old Pacific children. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6 2-2: e565-e573. doi:10.3109/17477166.2010.512389


Author Oliver, Melody
Schluter, Philip J.
Rush, Elaine
Schofield, Grant M.
Paterson, Janis
Title Physical activity, sedentariness, and body fatness in a sample of 6-year-old Pacific children
Journal name International Journal of Pediatric Obesity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1747-7166
1747-7174
Publication date 2011-06
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/17477166.2010.512389
Volume 6
Issue 2-2
Start page e565
End page e573
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, England, U.K.
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective. Pacific children living in New Zealand exhibit considerably higher rates of overweight and obesity than their non-Pacific peers. The study aim was to identify physical activity and sedentary behaviors related to increased body size in Pacific children, to inform future intervention development for improved activity profiles and body size outcomes in this population.

Methods. Three hundred and ninety-three 6-year-old Pacific children and their mothers living in Auckland, New Zealand were invited to participate. Activity was assessed over 8 days using accelerometry and mothers reported on their child ’ s sedentary behaviours. Children’s height, weight, and body fatness was assessed and body mass index (BMI) and body fat z-scores calculated. Maternal height, weight, and waist circumference were assessed and BMI calculated. Associations between children’s body fat z-scores and potential related factors were determined using regression analyses.

Results. Of the 254 children who registered, 102 (27% overweight, 32% obese) were included in analyses. Almost all mothers were overweight or obese. On average, children’s body fat z-scores were 1.75 standard deviations above the reference group (range −0.6, 3.14). After accounting for all other factors, watching television every day and having a mother with a high waist circumference were associated with increased body fat z-scores.

Conclusions. Strategies for obesity reduction in Pacific children and their mothers living in New Zealand are urgently required. Multifaceted, family based interventions that include the promotion of healthy nutritional practices and television free days may be efficacious in improving activity profiles and body size outcomes for Pacific children.
Keyword Obesity
Child
Physical activity
Accelerometer
Television
Sedentary
Sitting
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Posted online on September 2, 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 26 Nov 2010, 14:29:09 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work