Decentralisation was clearly an important part of the political philosophy of the Country-Liberal Coalition Government from 1957 to 1968.
The concept of decentralisation that is relevant to this thesis is "inter-regional decentralisation" which the Coalition Government adopted as an integral part of its economic policies for economic, strategic and political reasons. Inter-regional decentralisation was implied in many of the economic policies introduced by the Nicklin Government especially in relation to transport, land settlement, electricity supply and irrigation, rural industries and mining, industrial activity and in the provision of education facilities and hospitals.
Through these policies the Nicklin Government attempted to spread the population throughout the three regions of Queensland, to foster the development of secondary industry, to encourage the expansion of rural industries and to develop mineral resources.
The Nicklin Government inherited a decentralised Queensland but it implemented policies to further the inter-regional decentralisation of Queensland's population, workforce and industries and in so doing tried to develop the whole State.
It is very clear that the Government encountered a number of problems which limited the effectiveness of these policies. These policies were relatively successful until the mid 1960's but from 1966 onwards economic circumstances changed in Queensland and from that time the Government's policies which were designed to foster decentralisation were not as successful.
Queensland's population and industrial structure changed during the 1960's and a new development environment began to emerge which affected Queensland's population distribution and there were forces in train making decentralisation a more difficult policy option.