Punishment and deterrence : an empirical study for Australia

Maultby, Cameron. (1995). Punishment and deterrence : an empirical study for Australia Honours Thesis, School of Economics, University of Queensland.

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Author Maultby, Cameron.
Thesis Title Punishment and deterrence : an empirical study for Australia
School, Centre or Institute School of Economics
Institution University of Queensland
Publication date 1995
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Total pages 166
Language eng
Subjects 14 Economics
Formatted abstract
The level of property crime in Australia has risen significantly in recent decades. The economic theory of crime proposes that the decision on the part of the potential criminal as to whether to commit a criminal offence represents the outcome of a comparison of the benefits and costs obtainable from alternative forms of action. Viewing punishment, unemployment status, and demographic characteristics of an individual as influencing the costs and benefits he/she can expect to obtain from criminal activities, it is possible to examine how the behaviour of the potential criminal changes in response to changes in these factors.

With this theory of individual behaviour as a basis it is possible to examine whether changes in macro-level variables, corresponding to benefits and costs of criminal behaviour (from the point of view of the potential offender), exert a significant influence on the aggregate crime rate. The analysis conducted below follows this general approach in an examination of property crime in Australia. Two econometric approaches are taken in the empirical section. The first approach follows that taken by a number of authors when empirically examining the 'determinants' of property crime. The results obtained offer support for a number of the postulated relationships between variables. The second approach represents an alternative that makes use of relatively new econometric technique of Vector Autoregression (VAR). The results obtained here also offer some support for economic theory.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (non-RHD) - UQ staff and students only
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Created: Tue, 23 Nov 2010, 13:56:23 EST by Ning Jing on behalf of The University of Queensland Library