The fundamental teachings of early Buddhism : a comparative study based on the Sutra-anga portion of the Pali Samyutta-Nikaya and the Chinese Samyuktagama

Choong, Mun-Keat (1999). The fundamental teachings of early Buddhism : a comparative study based on the Sutra-anga portion of the Pali Samyutta-Nikaya and the Chinese Samyuktagama PhD Thesis, School of History, Philosophy, Religion, and Classics, The University of Queensland.

       
Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
THE12955.pdf Full text Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf 14.20MB 3
Author Choong, Mun-Keat
Thesis Title The fundamental teachings of early Buddhism : a comparative study based on the Sutra-anga portion of the Pali Samyutta-Nikaya and the Chinese Samyuktagama
School, Centre or Institute School of History, Philosophy, Religion, and Classics
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1999
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor A/Prof Rod Bucknell
Total pages 304
Language eng
Subjects 22 Philosophy and Religious Studies
Formatted abstract This study is a comparative examination of the main teachings contained in the Sutra-anga portion of the Pali Samyutta-nikaya (SN) and its Chinese counterpart, Samyuktagama (雜阿含經Za-ahan-jing) (SA).

The SN and SA are essentially two different versions of the same collection of discourses. This study builds on the work of Yin Shun, which demonstrates the historical importance of SN/SA in the formation of the early Buddhist canon. In particular, it is based on Yin Shun's recognition of the three-anga structure of SN/SA, and of the status of its Sutra-anga portion as of prime importance in the historical formation of this nikaya/agama, and as containing the most fundamental teachings of the Buddha. The aim of this research is to reveal and clarify the similarities and differences between SN and S A, with regard to the principal Buddhist teachings contained in their Sutra-anga portion. It is pointed out that SN/SA particularly lends itself to such study because of its organisation into collections, or samyuktas (P. samyutta, Ch. Xiangying 相應), each of which is made up of discourses dealing with a specific doctrinal topic. For example, the Khandha- Samyutta of SN and its counterpart, Yin Xiangying (陰相應) of SA, deal with the important topic of the five aggregates (khandhas).

After presenting, in Chapter 1, an overall picture of the structure of SN/SA, particularly its Sutra-anga portion, the thesis goes on to examine, in succeeding chapters, the following major doctrinal topics: the five aggregates (khandha), the sense spheres (salayatana), feeling (vedana), the realms of nature (dhatu), causal condition (nidana), and the path (magga, bojjhanga, etc.).

The comparative study of the two versions (SN and SA) finds them to be largely in agreement on essential points, but also reveals some significant areas of disagreement. This is seen as demonstrating the importance of the methodological principle employed here. It supports the assertion that any attempt to identify the teachings of early Buddhism should not be based on the Pali texts alone, but should entail comparative study of the Pali texts and their Chinese counterparts.

Keyword Tipitaka. Suttapitaka. Samyuttanikaya.
Buddhism -- Doctrines -- History -- Early period, to ca. 250 B.C.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (RHD) - UQ staff and students only
 
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 373 Abstract Views, 3 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 19 Nov 2010, 11:31:41 EST by Ning Jing on behalf of The University of Queensland Library