Environmental threats to children's health in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific

Suk, William A., Ruchirawat, Kuhnying Mathuros, Balakrishnan, Kalpana, Berger, Martha, Carpenter, David, Damstra, Terri, de Garbino, Jenny Pronczuk, Koh, David, Landrigan, Philip J., Makalinao, Irma, Sly, Peter D., Xu, Y. and Zheng, B.S. (2003) Environmental threats to children's health in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111 10: 1340-1347. doi:10.1289/ehp.6059


Author Suk, William A.
Ruchirawat, Kuhnying Mathuros
Balakrishnan, Kalpana
Berger, Martha
Carpenter, David
Damstra, Terri
de Garbino, Jenny Pronczuk
Koh, David
Landrigan, Philip J.
Makalinao, Irma
Sly, Peter D.
Xu, Y.
Zheng, B.S.
Title Environmental threats to children's health in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific
Journal name Environmental Health Perspectives   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0091-6765
1552-9924
Publication date 2003-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1289/ehp.6059
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 111
Issue 10
Start page 1340
End page 1347
Total pages 8
Place of publication Research Triangle Park, NC, United States
Publisher U.S. Department of Health and Human Services * National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Language eng
Abstract The Southeast Asia and Western Pacific regions contain half of the world's children and are among the mostly rapidly industrializing regions of the globe. Environmental threats to children's health are widespread and are multiplying as nations in the area undergo industrial development and pass through the epidemiologic transition. These environmental hazards range from traditional threats such as bacterial contamination of drinking water and wood smoke in poorly ventilated dwellings to more recently introduced chemical threats such as asbestos construction materials; arsenic in groundwater; methyl isocyanate in Bhopal, India; untreated manufacturing wastes released to landfills; chlorinated hydrocarbon and organophosphorous pesticides; and atmospheric lead emissions from the combustion of leaded gasoline. To address these problems, pediatricians, environmental health scientists, and public health workers throughout Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific have begun to build local and national research and prevention programs in children's environmental health. Successes have been achieved as a result of these efforts: A cost-effective system for producing safe drinking water at the village level has been devised in India; many nations have launched aggressive antismoking campaigns; and Thailand, the Philippines, India, and Pakistan have all begun to reduce their use of lead in gasoline, with resultant declines in children's blood lead levels. The International Conference on Environmental Threats to the Health of Children, held in Bangkok, Thailand, in March 2002, brought together more than 300 representatives from 35 countries and organizations to increase awareness on environmental health hazards affecting children in these regions and throughout the world. The conference, a direct result of the Environmental Threats to the Health of Children meeting held in Manila in April 2000, provided participants with the latest scientific data on children's vulnerability to environmental hazards and models for future policy and public health discussions on ways to improve children's health. The Bangkok Statement, a pledge resulting from the conference proceedings, is an important first step in creating a global alliance committed to developing active and innovative national and international networks to promote and protect children's environmental health.
Keyword Bangkok
Children's environmental health
Exposure
Lead
Mercury
Risk
Southeast Asia
Western Pacific
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 17 Nov 2010, 11:53:07 EST