Air leak in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

Sly, P. D. and Drew, J. H. (1984) Air leak in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 12 1: 41-45.

Author Sly, P. D.
Drew, J. H.
Title Air leak in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Journal name Anaesthesia and Intensive Care   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0310-057X
Publication date 1984
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 41
End page 45
Total pages 5
Place of publication Edgecliff, NSW, Australia
Publisher Australian Society of Anaesthetists
Language eng
Abstract A review of 9401 consecutive live births at the Mercy Maternity Hospital, Melbourne, was performed to determine the incidence of air leak in those with respiratory distress syndrome. Respiratory distress was detected in 552 (5.9%) infants and hyaline membrane disease was the most common cause occurring in 238 (2.5%) infants. Air leak developed in 22% of infants with respiratory distress, 8% had pulmonary interstitial emphysema alone, 14% had pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax and 7% had emphysema with pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax. Mortality increased from 12% in infants without air leak to 31% (p < 0.001) in infants with air leak. Ninety-five percent of air leak developed in infants with hyaline membrane, and these were smaller, less mature and sicker than those without air leak. Eighty-seven per cent of air leak developed in infants treated with assisted ventilation and was commoner with mechanical ventilators with a more rapid rise in inspiratory pressure.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
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Created: Wed, 17 Nov 2010, 11:49:23 EST