Spatial Conservation Prioritisation Applied to Protected Area Design

Carissa Klein (2010). Spatial Conservation Prioritisation Applied to Protected Area Design PhD Thesis, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
s41590465_PhD_abstract.pdf Abstract application/pdf 14.68KB 3
s41590465_PhD_totalthesis.pdf Total Thesis application/pdf 2.48MB 34
Author Carissa Klein
Thesis Title Spatial Conservation Prioritisation Applied to Protected Area Design
School, Centre or Institute School of Biological Sciences
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-07
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Hugh Possingham
Ove Hoegh-Guldberg
Total pages 164
Total colour pages 15
Total black and white pages 149
Subjects 06 Biological Sciences
Abstract/Summary Biodiversity is an exceptional natural asset. Human beings depend on biodiversity as it underpins many of our industries (e.g., health, agriculture and tourism) and provides a range of social and economic benefits. However, biodiversity is declining rapidly due to multiple anthropogenic threats both at a local-scale (e.g., overfishing) and a global scale (e.g., climate change). The loss of biodiversity has severe consequences and conservation action is necessary to halt its decline. Although a range of strategies are required to ensure the long term persistence of biodiversity, protected areas (e.g., National Parks) are the cornerstone of most marine and terrestrial conservation strategies. The conservation of biodiversity is constrained by limited financial resources, and hence our investments in conservation must be prioritised. The principal focus of this thesis is on spatial conservation prioritisation applied to protected area design, focusing on two areas in the field that have been identified as research priorities: 1) prioritising for multiple types of protected areas; 2) incorporating adequacy into protected area design. The overall aim of this thesis is to address key questions in the field of spatial conservation prioritisation that are both novel contributions to the field of Conservation Biology as well as influential in informing conservation decisions relevant to protected areas. In Chapter 1, I provide an overview of the fundamental concepts and approaches to spatial conservation prioritisation as well a summary of the conservation initiatives that influenced the development of this thesis. Chapters 2-5 each present a novel approach to spatial conservation prioritisation relevant to a conservation initiative involving protected areas. In Chapter 2, I show the first example of systematic planning for multiple types of marine protected areas, using the objectives, data, and zones defined by California’s Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. In Chapter 3, I create the first explicit method for prioritising between terrestrial and marine protected areas to mitigate land- and sea-based threats to marine ecosystems and apply it to coral reefs in the Coral Triangle. In Chapter 4, I develop four novel ways of accommodating ecological and evolutionary processes in the more traditional framework of comprehensively representing biodiversity, with the goal of identifying areas that are more likely to have long-term benefits to biodiversity. In Chapter 5 I show how the size and condition of protected areas can be used as a surrogate for the long-term persistence of biodiversity and incorporated into spatial conservation prioritisation. The methods presented in Chapters 4 and 5 were applied across the continent of Australia and are relevant to the federal government’s program for expanding the National Reserve System. Finally, in Chapter 6, I synthesise this research and identify research priorities in the field of spatial conservation prioritisation.
Keyword adequacy
Coral Triangle
protected area
spatial conservation prioritisation
systematic conservation planning
Additional Notes Colour (page number are document, NOT pdf pages): 12, 19, 25, 31-32, 47-48, 51, 59, 65, 67, 123, 126, 137-138

Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 11 Nov 2010, 16:19:42 EST by Mrs Carissa Klein on behalf of Library - Information Access Service