A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness

Leverington, Fiona, Costa, Katia Lemos, Pavese, Helena, Lisle, Allan and Hockings, Marc (2010) A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness. Environmental Management, 46 5: 685-698. doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9564-5

Author Leverington, Fiona
Costa, Katia Lemos
Pavese, Helena
Lisle, Allan
Hockings, Marc
Title A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness
Journal name Environmental Management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0364-152X
Publication date 2010-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00267-010-9564-5
Volume 46
Issue 5
Start page 685
End page 698
Total pages 14
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
Abstract We compiled details of over 8000 assessments of protected area management effectiveness across the world and developed a method for analyzing results across diverse assessment methodologies and indicators. Data was compiled and analyzed for over 4000 of these sites. Management of these protected areas varied from weak to effective, with about 40% showing major deficiencies. About 14% of the surveyed areas showed significant deficiencies across many management effectiveness indicators and hence lacked basic requirements to operate effectively. Strongest management factors recorded on average related to establishment of protected areas (legal establishment, design, legislation and boundary marking) and to effectiveness of governance; while the weakest aspects of management included community benefit programs, resourcing (funding reliability and adequacy, staff numbers and facility and equipment maintenance) and management effectiveness evaluation. Estimations of management outcomes, including both environmental values conservation and impact on communities, were positive. We conclude that in spite of inadequate funding and management process, there are indications that protected areas are contributing to biodiversity conservation and community wellbeing. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Keyword Environment
Environmental Management
Nature Conservation
Forestry Management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 113 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 130 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 07 Nov 2010, 00:11:52 EST