The relationship between motor abilities and early social development in a preschool cohort of children with cerebral palsy

Whittingham, Koa, Fahey, Michael, Rawicki, Barry and Boyd, Roslyn (2010) The relationship between motor abilities and early social development in a preschool cohort of children with cerebral palsy. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31 6: 1346-1351. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2010.07.006


Author Whittingham, Koa
Fahey, Michael
Rawicki, Barry
Boyd, Roslyn
Title The relationship between motor abilities and early social development in a preschool cohort of children with cerebral palsy
Journal name Research in Developmental Disabilities   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0891-4222
1873-3379
Publication date 2010-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ridd.2010.07.006
Volume 31
Issue 6
Start page 1346
End page 1351
Total pages 6
Editor J. Matson
Place of publication New York, NY, U.S.A.
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim: To investigate the relationship between motor ability and early social development in a cohort of preschool children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Design: Population-based cohort study.

Methods: Participants were 122 children with CP assessed at 18, 24 and 30 months, corrected age (ca). Motor ability was measured by the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) with classification assigned by physiotherapists. The sample was representative of a population-based cohort (I = 48, 38.4%, II = 19, 15.2%, III = 17, 13.6%, IV = 22, 17.6% and V = 19, 15.2%). Social development was measured by the Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) and included capabilities in social interaction, social communication, interactive play and household/community tasks.

Results: Cross-sectional analyses indicated a significant relationship between motor ability and social development at 18 months, F(4, 56) = 11.44, p < .0001, η2 = .45, at 24 months, F(4, 79) = 15.66, p < .0001, η2 = .44 and at 30 months, F(4, 76) = 16.06, p < .0001, η2 = .49. A longitudinal analysis with a subset of children (N = 24) indicated a significant interaction between age at assessment and GMFCS, F(2, 21) = 7.02, p = .005, η2 = .40. Comparison with community norms indicated that at 18 months corrected age, 44.3% of the cohort was greater than two standard deviations below the mean (>2SD) for social development and a further 27.9% of the cohort was greater than one standard deviation below the mean (>1SD).

Interpretation: There is a relationship between motor ability and social development in preschool children with CP. Children with CP may require support for social development in additional to physical interventions, from as early as 18 months.
Crown Copyright © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Cerebral palsy
Motor ability
Social development
Social ability
Population cohort
Participation
Environment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 19 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 21 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 07 Nov 2010, 00:02:30 EST