Psychosocial treatment for methamphetamine use disorders: A preliminary randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy

Smout, Matthew F., Longo, Marie, Harrison, Sonia, Minniti, Rinaldo, Wickes, Wendy and White, Jason M. (2010) Psychosocial treatment for methamphetamine use disorders: A preliminary randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. Substance Abuse, 31 2: 98-107. doi:10.1080/08897071003641578


Author Smout, Matthew F.
Longo, Marie
Harrison, Sonia
Minniti, Rinaldo
Wickes, Wendy
White, Jason M.
Title Psychosocial treatment for methamphetamine use disorders: A preliminary randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy
Journal name Substance Abuse   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0889-7077
1547-0164
Publication date 2010-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/08897071003641578
Volume 31
Issue 2
Start page 98
End page 107
Total pages 10
Editor Marc Galanter
Place of publication Philadelphia, United States
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) incorporates developments in behavior therapy, holds promise but has not been evaluated for methamphetamine use disorders. The objective of this study was to test whether ACT would increase treatment attendance and reduce methamphetamine use and related harms compared to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). One hundred and four treatment-seeking adults with methamphetamine abuse or dependence were randomly assigned to receive 12 weekly 60-minute individual sessions of ACT or CBT. Attrition was 70% at 12 weeks and 86% at 24 weeks postentry. Per intention-to-treat analysis, there were no significant differences between the treatment groups in treatment attendance (median 3 sessions), and methamphetamine-related outcomes; however, methamphetamine use (toxicology-assessed and self-reported), negative consequences, and dependence severity significantly improved over time in both groups. Although ACT did not improve treatment outcomes or attendance compared to CBT, it may be a viable alternative to CBT for methamphetamine use disorders. Future rigorous research in this area seems warranted. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
Keyword Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Cognitive behavior therapy
Methamphetamine
Leeds-dependence-questionnaire
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 25 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 34 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 07 Nov 2010, 00:01:26 EST