An evaluation of the development of regional planning models for rural development and organization of the popular participation in Sri Lanka

Wijewardena, G. K. N. (1987). An evaluation of the development of regional planning models for rural development and organization of the popular participation in Sri Lanka Master's Thesis, School of Land, Crop and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Wijewardena, G. K. N.
Thesis Title An evaluation of the development of regional planning models for rural development and organization of the popular participation in Sri Lanka
School, Centre or Institute School of Land, Crop and Food Sciences
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1987
Thesis type Master's Thesis
Total pages 101
Language eng
Subjects 14 Economics
Formatted abstract Most of our thinking about development depends on the paradigm of modernization developed by various scholars in the western world. Development has become a greater need for millions of people in less developed countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Pacific 'Region. These countries have been characterized by poverty, malnutrition, high unemployment rates and backward rural areas. Some of the development theories have analysed these situations in LDCs as a result of unequal distribution of resources and benefits among countries and also among the regions within the countries.

While analysing the reasons for the problems prevailing in LDCs some solutions also have been proposed by different development models. During the last few decades neoclassical and Marxist development models have been tested in different LDCs. The basic objective of these approaches was based on the improvement of social and economic situations in rural areas.

Regional planning in LDCs has been mainly focussed on achieving national development goals within the context of rural development. A comprehensive and a systematic management of resources is needed for the realization of development goals of these countries. Regional planning also attempts to establish a proper solution to the rural problems of the LDCs. Organization of planning and implementation below national level within a certain geographical or administrative area is an efficient way of tackling the development problems.

"people's participation" or popular participation is a recent strategy adopted by policy planners in most of the LDCs. people's involvement in decision making for development has been considered a major condition for achieving self-reliance and equity. Also the promotion of popular participation in traditional societies is an efficient way to mobilize the people for the adoption of social and technological innovations.

This study analyses the development of regional planning models and organization of people's participation programmes and their effectiveness for the promotion of rural development in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan development experience is not an exceptional model compared to other developing countries. But some of the development-oriented policies followed by this country are quite different from other LDCs in the, Asian region. A package of welfare policies based on state services attempted to establish an equitable distribution of development benefits in this country. Organization of popular participation at grass roots level for decision making on rural development programmes aimed to combine people's needs and development together.

This study is directing its attention to evaluating this democratic process of development in this country. Also this study is attempting to find an answer to the question: Are the regional planning models of rural development successful in this country. The evaluation of popular participation programmes is only complementary evidence that supports the answer by examining the effectiveness of social change made in the rural areas.


 
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