Major dietary patterns of young and middle aged women: Results from a prospective Australian cohort study

Mishra, G. D., McNaughton, S. A., Ball, K., Brown, W. J., Giles, G. G. and Dobson, A. J. (2010) Major dietary patterns of young and middle aged women: Results from a prospective Australian cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64 10: 1125-1133. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2010.121

Author Mishra, G. D.
McNaughton, S. A.
Ball, K.
Brown, W. J.
Giles, G. G.
Dobson, A. J.
Title Major dietary patterns of young and middle aged women: Results from a prospective Australian cohort study
Journal name European Journal of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0954-3007
Publication date 2010-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/ejcn.2010.121
Volume 64
Issue 10
Start page 1125
End page 1133
Total pages 9
Editor Prakash S. Shetty
Place of publication London, U.K
Publisher Nature Publishing
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the major dietary patterns of two age cohorts of women, to determine to the extent to which the dietary patterns differ between the cohorts and to assess whether they vary according to sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics and patterns of nutrient intake.

Method: Dietary intake was assessed using an 80-item food frequency questionnaire for women aged 50–55 years (n=10 150; ‘middle age’) in 2001 and aged 25–30 years (n=7371; ‘young’) in 2003, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Factor analysis using principal component extraction was used to identify dietary patterns, and a pattern score was calculated from the consumption of the food items identified with each dietary pattern. Associations between the dietary pattern scores and sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics and nutrient intakes were investigated using regression analysis.

Results: Six dietary patterns were identified and were labelled: cooked vegetables; fruit; Mediterranean-style; processed meat, meat and takeaway; reduced fat dairy; and high-fat and sugar foods. Regression analysis revealed that healthier dietary patterns were significantly associated with other favourable health-related behaviours, higher socioeconomic status and living in urban areas (P-values <0.05).

Conclusions: In spite of differences in the level of consumption of individual food items, the similarity in dietary patterns across two generations of women suggests that policies and interventions to improve diet should focus on social and economic factors and general health-related behaviour rather than different age groups.
© 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved
Keyword Dietary patterns
Australian diet
Food frequency questionnaire
Factor analysis
Health-related behaviours
British adults
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 17 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 31 Oct 2010, 00:11:03 EST