The value of tourism to the social and psychological welfare individuals and to the development of a nation’s economy is often under-rated. For optimum benefits from tourism to occur, and for the minimization of costs associated with any tourism development, effective planning and management by government is considered essential.
This research seeks to question the adequacy of the present role of government at both National and State level, in the tourism planning process and in the tourist industry. Its aims to clearly indicate this firstly through the presentation of literature on the theory of and case for planning, the planning process, the role of government and government in the decision-making process. The state of the art of existing government tourism policy and practice is then presented and particular case studies - namely Green Island, Iwasaki and Port Douglas - are prefferred to demonstrate existing Government involvement in Queensland.
The need for government intervention is argued and positive strategies that the governments can adopt are suggested. These include the development of long-term objectives for the tourist industry by the Federal Government; the maintenance of Government impartiality within the tourism planning and decision-making processes, the encouragement of research within the industry, the provision of information to industry, the establishment of formal links between government and industry, the encouragement of public participation in the decision-making process, and the active support of environmental protection - by the Queensland Government; and the inclusion of the views of residents in the decision-making at the local government level.