Heterogeneity in the chemistry, structure and function of plant cell walls

Burton, Rachel A., Gidley, Michael J. and Fincher, Geoffrey B. (2010) Heterogeneity in the chemistry, structure and function of plant cell walls. Nature Chemical Biology, 6 10: 724-732. doi:10.1038/NCHEMBIO.439

Author Burton, Rachel A.
Gidley, Michael J.
Fincher, Geoffrey B.
Title Heterogeneity in the chemistry, structure and function of plant cell walls
Journal name Nature Chemical Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1552-4450
Publication date 2010-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/NCHEMBIO.439
Volume 6
Issue 10
Start page 724
End page 732
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract Higher plants resist the forces of gravity and powerful lateral forces through the cumulative strength of the walls that surround individual cells. These walls consist mainly of cellulose, noncellulosic polysaccharides and lignin, in proportions that depend upon the specific functions of the cell and its stage of development. Spatially and temporally controlled heterogeneity in the physicochemical properties of wall polysaccharides is observed at the tissue and individual cell levels, and emerging in situ technologies are providing evidence that this heterogeneity also occurs across a single cell wall. We consider the origins of cell wall heterogeneity and identify contributing factors that are inherent in the molecular mechanisms of polysaccharide biosynthesis and are crucial for the changing biological functions of the wall during growth and development. We propose several key questions to be addressed in cell wall biology, together with an alternative two-phase model for the assembly of noncellulosic polysaccharides in plants. © 2010 Nature Publishing Group
Keyword Cell wall
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Special issue title 'Focus on Heterogeneity'

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 153 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 169 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 24 Oct 2010, 00:05:13 EST