Best practice in the management of primary nocturnal enuresis in children: a systematic review

Hodgkinson, Brent, Josephs, K. and Hegney, Desley G. (2010) Best practice in the management of primary nocturnal enuresis in children: a systematic review. JBI Library of Systematic Reviews, 8 5: 173-254.

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Author Hodgkinson, Brent
Josephs, K.
Hegney, Desley G.
Title Best practice in the management of primary nocturnal enuresis in children: a systematic review
Journal name JBI Library of Systematic Reviews
ISSN 1838-2142
Publication date 2010-09
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Volume 8
Issue 5
Start page 173
End page 254
Total pages 82
Place of publication Adelaide, SA, Australia
Publisher University of Adelaide, Faculty of Health Sciences
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
920205 Health Education and Promotion
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Abstract Nocturnal enuresis is the involuntary loss of urine at night in a child of an age and physical health where they would be expected to be dry. The prevalence of this condition in Australia has been estimated at 18.9% in children 5 to 12 years of age, with up to 19% of boys and 16% of girls aged 5 years wetting the bed at least once per month. Up to the age of 13 years bed wetting is more common in boys and more common in girls after this age. Nocturnal enuresis has a spontaneous cure rate of approximately 14% however up to 3% of children remain enuretic as adults. Although this condition is pathologically benign, it can have serious social and psychological repercussions for the sufferer including affects on self esteem, school success, parental disapproval and even sexual activity in later life. Despite the volume of information available for the management of enuresis, the majority of research has been conducted outside Australia. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to produce management guidelines for nocturnal enuresis in children specific to Australian clinical practice. © The Joanna Briggs Institute
Keyword Noctural enuresis
Enuresis
Bed wetting
Loss of urine
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
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Created: Thu, 14 Oct 2010, 09:58:17 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Medicine