Hazard Perception Ability and Training in Older Adults

Miss Emmaline Falconer (). Hazard Perception Ability and Training in Older Adults Professional Doctorate, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Miss Emmaline Falconer
Thesis Title Hazard Perception Ability and Training in Older Adults
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Thesis type Professional Doctorate
Supervisor Dr Mark Horswill
Dr Nancy Pachana
Total pages 133
Abstract/Summary The current project was designed to investigate hazard perception ability in older drivers. Two studies were run. The first study aimed to explore the relationships between hazard perception ability and performance on a range of neuropsychological tests including measures of processing speed, working memory and aspects of executive functioning including inhibition, mental flexibility, planning and problem solving. The results did not yield significant correlations between hazard perception response times and performance on neuropsychological measures. The second study aimed to investigate the long term effect of hazard perception training in older drivers, whether such effects were enhanced by an additional training session, and whether the initial effects of training found in previous research generalised to an enhanced training package. In addition to video-based, verbal commentary exercises, the training package used in the present study also included an instructional video and exercises that involved participants predicting what could happen next in a set of video-based traffic scenarios. The results showed significantly faster hazard perception response times immediately after training compared to no training. This pattern of results was evident at one month follow ups although was no longer significant. The additional hazard perception training session did not have a beneficial effect on hazard perception response times with no significant differences between the groups at three month follow ups. The results are discussed with regard to the neuropsychological assessment of driving related abilities and the utility of hazard perception training for older adults. Suggestions for future research include extensions of the current study to maintain the effects of hazard perception training over time and translate faster test response times to real-world driving behaviour.
Keyword hazard perception ability
hazard perception training
Older Adults

 
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Created: Thu, 07 Oct 2010, 18:26:22 EST by Miss Emmaline Falconer