When similarity leads to sparing: Probing mechanisms underlying the attentional blink

Visser, Troy A. W., Davis, Corinne and Ohan, Jeneva L. (2009) When similarity leads to sparing: Probing mechanisms underlying the attentional blink. Psychological Research, 73 3: 327-335. doi:10.1007/s00426-008-0155-5


Author Visser, Troy A. W.
Davis, Corinne
Ohan, Jeneva L.
Title When similarity leads to sparing: Probing mechanisms underlying the attentional blink
Journal name Psychological Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0340-0727
1430-2772
Publication date 2009-05
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00426-008-0155-5
Volume 73
Issue 3
Start page 327
End page 335
Total pages 9
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher Springer International
Language eng
Subject 1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
Formatted abstract
When two targets are embedded in a temporal stream of distractors, second-target identification is initially impaired and then gradually improves as inter-target interval lengthens (attentional blink; AB). Notably, in about half of the published studies, this deficit is partially ameliorated when the targets follow one another directly, a condition known as “lag-1 sparing”. Here, we probe the impact of target-distractor similarity on lag-1 sparing, with the surprising finding that while high similarity impairs second-target accuracy at all subsequent lags, it actually improves accuracy when the targets follow one another directly. We suggest that this improvement reflects the positive influence of over-committing resources to target processing in the AB.
© 2008 Springer-Verlag.
Keyword Analysis of variance
Attentional blink
Controlled study
Pattern recognition
Perception
Perceptive discrimination
Randomized controlled trials
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Additional Notes Published online: 12 August 2008. Portions of the Findings were reported at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, MN, 18-21 November 2004.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 29 Sep 2010, 11:49:09 EST by Ms May Balasaize on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences