The effects of ageing and cognitive impairment on on-line and off-line motor learning

Yan, Jin H., Abernethy, Bruce and Li, Xiaojian (2010) The effects of ageing and cognitive impairment on on-line and off-line motor learning. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24 2: 200-212. doi:10.1002/acp.1551


Author Yan, Jin H.
Abernethy, Bruce
Li, Xiaojian
Title The effects of ageing and cognitive impairment on on-line and off-line motor learning
Journal name Applied Cognitive Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0888-4080
1099-0720
Publication date 2010-02
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/acp.1551
Volume 24
Issue 2
Start page 200
End page 212
Total pages 13
Editor Graham Davies
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley Interscience
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject 1702 Cognitive Sciences
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Formatted abstract
Skilled performance is a collective function of practice-related experiences (online learning) and post-practice memory consolidation during sleep (offline learning). This study examines the effects of ageing and cognitive impairment on the on-and offline learning of a point-to-point arm movement. In a 3-day experiment, older adults (cognitively normal or impaired) and young adults (YAs) were randomly assigned to practice or no-practice conditions. Changes in the dependent measures of movement time and timing error were analysed within and between conditions across days. The findings suggest that both age and cognitive function affect skill learning. YAs improved performance via both on-and offline learning whereas older adults with normal cognitive capacities appeared to learn the movement skill primarily in an online mode. Cognitive impairments were found to hinder both types of skill learning. Implications for motor skill acquisition and rehabilitation are briefly discussed.
© 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keyword Aged
Arm movement
Cognition
Cognitive defect
Motor performance
Task performance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 16 FEB 2009

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 29 Sep 2010, 11:23:56 EST by Laura McTaggart on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences