The link between physical activity and bone strength across the lifespan

Macdonald, Heather M., Ashe, Maureen C. and McKay, Heather A. (2009) The link between physical activity and bone strength across the lifespan. International Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 4 4: 437-463. doi:10.2217/ijr.09.30


Author Macdonald, Heather M.
Ashe, Maureen C.
McKay, Heather A.
Title The link between physical activity and bone strength across the lifespan
Journal name International Journal of Clinical Rheumatology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1758-4272
Publication date 2009-08
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2217/ijr.09.30
Volume 4
Issue 4
Start page 437
End page 463
Total pages 27
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Future Medicine
Language eng
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Abstract Weight-bearing physical activity plays an important role in bone health across the lifespan. During childhood, short bouts of high-impact activity augment bone-mass accrual and enhance bone's structural characteristics that contribute to overall bone strength. Along the age continuum, physical activity in adulthood serves to maintain bone mass and strength and in later life, to diminish bone loss. While the specific exercise prescription for bone strength in women and men is not known, a combination of resistance training and impact exercise may offer the best strategy to promote bone health in older adults and ultimately, reduce fracture risk. In this review we discuss the central role that physical activity plays in promoting bone health across the lifespan. Specifically, we focus on the adaptations in bone structure and strength to weight-bearing physical activity. © 2009 Future Medicine Ltd.
Keyword Bone Strength
Exercise
Lifespan
Physical activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 28 Sep 2010, 14:54:09 EST by Ms May Balasaize on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences