Acute tissue death (white syndrome) affects the microenvironment of tabular Acropora corals

Andersen, SB, Vestergaard, ML, Ainsworth, TD, Hoegh-Guldberg, O and Kuhl, M (2010) Acute tissue death (white syndrome) affects the microenvironment of tabular Acropora corals. Aquatic Biology, 10 1: 99-104.

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Author Andersen, SB
Vestergaard, ML
Ainsworth, TD
Hoegh-Guldberg, O
Kuhl, M
Title Acute tissue death (white syndrome) affects the microenvironment of tabular Acropora corals
Journal name Aquatic Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1864-7782
1864-7790
Publication date 2010-07
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3354/ab00270
Volume 10
Issue 1
Start page 99
End page 104
Total pages 6
Place of publication Germany
Publisher Inter-Research
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
060203 Ecological Physiology
Abstract White syndrome (WS) is a collective term for coral diseases that cause acute tissue loss, resulting in apparently healthy tissue bordering on exposed skeleton. In this study, the microenvironmental condition and tissue structure of WS-affected tabular acroporid corals were assessed by O2 microelectrodes and histological techniques. The high spatial resolution of the microelectrode measurements enabled an evaluation of the extent of physiological changes at, and 2 cm away from, the WS border. Respiration of the coral host was decreased on the skeleton–tissue border but was comparable to that of healthy corals only 2 cm away from the border. Histological data, however, showed a decrease in mesogloea thickness on and 2 cm away from the WS border, which correlates with a previously observed allocation of photoassimilates away from the WS border. We suggest that there are colony-wide negative effects of WS which affect only the host physiology and, as disparate etiologies are evident in WS, these must be distinguished through the utilization of a multiple tool approach.
Keyword Coral disease
White syndrome
Microelectrode
Histology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Centre for Marine Studies Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 27 Sep 2010, 16:36:43 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences