The area was first explored by European colonists in 1826. In 1827, the first convicts and overseers arrived to mine the area, and the town that was built around this industry became known as Limestone. In 1843, the settlement officially became known as Ipswich, making it the oldest provincial city in Queensland. Ipswich was proclaimed a municipality in 1860, and became a city in 1904. Complete with hundreds of photographs of people, buildings and scenes from the town, this history starts with the exploration of the region, then continues on with government and elections, reminiscences, pioneer settlements, railway and water supply, show associations, the primary industries of the region (coal mining, cotton, wool etc), as well as churches and schools.