The costs arising from pressure ulcers attributable to malnutrition

Banks, Merrilyn D., Graves, Nicholas, Bauer, Judith D. and Ash, Susan (2010) The costs arising from pressure ulcers attributable to malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition, 29 2: 180-186. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2009.08.006

Author Banks, Merrilyn D.
Graves, Nicholas
Bauer, Judith D.
Ash, Susan
Title The costs arising from pressure ulcers attributable to malnutrition
Journal name Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0261-5614
Publication date 2010-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.clnu.2009.08.006
Volume 29
Issue 2
Start page 180
End page 186
Total pages 7
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Formatted abstract
Background & aims: To estimate the economic consequences of pressure ulcer attributable to malnutrition.

:  Statistical models were developed to predict the number of cases of pressure ulcer, associated bed days lost and the dollar value of these losses in public hospitals in 2002/2003 in Queensland, Australia. The following input parameters were specified and appropriate probability distributions fitted.
• Number of at risk discharges per annum.
• Incidence rate for pressure ulcer.
• Attributable fraction of malnutrition in the development of pressure ulcer.
• Independent effect of pressure ulcer on length of hospital stay.
• Opportunity cost of hospital bed day.
One thousand random re-samples were made and the results expressed as (output) probabilistic distributions.

:  The model predicts a mean 16,060 (SD 5671) bed days lost and corresponding mean economic cost of AU$12,968,668 (SD AU$4,924,148) (EUROS 6,925,268; SD 2,629,495) of pressure ulcer attributable to malnutrition in 2002/2003 in public hospitals in Queensland, Australia.

:  The cost of pressure ulcer attributable to malnutrition in bed days and dollar terms are substantial. The model only considers costs of increased length of stay associated with pressure ulcer and not other factors associated with care.
©2009 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism

Keyword Pressure ulcer
Economic cost
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
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School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Mon, 13 Sep 2010, 12:50:27 EST by Laura McTaggart on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences