Diet and behavioural activity in 12-week-old infants

Wells, J.C.K. and Davies, P.S.W. (1995) Diet and behavioural activity in 12-week-old infants. Annals of Human Biology, 22 3: 207-215. doi:10.1080/03014469500003872


Author Wells, J.C.K.
Davies, P.S.W.
Title Diet and behavioural activity in 12-week-old infants
Journal name Annals of Human Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-4460
Publication date 1995-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/03014469500003872
Volume 22
Issue 3
Start page 207
End page 215
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, England
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Abstract Deposition of excess dietary energy occurs if energy intake exceeds expenditure. Anthropometric differences between breast-fed and formula-fed infants due to differences in energy deposition are frequently reported. It has been suggested that infant obesity may result from decreased levels of energy expenditure on physical activity. Infant diet may therefore influence energy balance by affecting behaviour and hence energy expenditure. Behavioural and motor activity of 25 formula-fed and 25 breast-fed infants were compared using activity diaries, temperament questionnaires and actometers. There were no anthropometric differences between the two groups. The breast-fed infants fed significantly more slowly than the formula-fed infants despite taking in similar milk volumes, and also fed significantly more frequently. Otherwise there were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to the daily time spent awake and content, asleep, fussy, or crying, nor with respect to gross motor activity and temperament. It is unlikely that energy balance of the two groups differed significantly on account of behavioural activity.
Keyword Formula-fed Infants
Energy-expenditure
Human-milk
Breast
Age
Growth
Adiposity
Childhood
Antecedents
Temperament
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 08 Sep 2010, 09:37:38 EST