Total energy expenditure and body composition in early infancy

Wells, J. C.K., Cole, T.J. and Davies, P. S.W. (1996) Total energy expenditure and body composition in early infancy. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 75 5: 423-426. doi:10.1136/adc.75.5.423

Author Wells, J. C.K.
Cole, T.J.
Davies, P. S.W.
Title Total energy expenditure and body composition in early infancy
Journal name Archives of Disease in Childhood   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-9888
Publication date 1996-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/adc.75.5.423
Volume 75
Issue 5
Start page 423
End page 426
Total pages 4
Place of publication London, England
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Abstract In adults greater energy expenditure, primarily on physical activity, is associated with greater leanness. Such an association has proved more difficult to demonstrate in infants, partly due to the difficulty of measuring fatness and free living energy expenditure in this age group. Stable isotope techniques now make such investigations more viable. Objective - The relationship between body composition and energy expenditure was investigated in 12 week infants. Methods - Total energy expenditure and fat mass were estimated using the doubly labelled water technique. Subjects - 92 normal healthy infants. Results - Fat mass was correlated with both triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses (p < 0.001). After controlling for body size, age was a significant predictor of fat mass (p = 0.003), whereas total energy expenditure was not (p = 0.463). Conclusions - The cross sectional link between activity level and fatness in young infants, reported previously, does not persist when energy expenditure is considered.
Keyword Fat Mass
Energy Balance
Physical Activity
(H2O)-H-2-O-18 Method
Indirect Calorimetry
Preterm Infants
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Wed, 08 Sep 2010, 09:37:26 EST