Breastfeeding and catch-up growth in infants born small for gestational age

Lucas, A., Fewtrell, M.S., Davies, P.S.W., Bishop, N.J., Clough, H. and Cole, T.J. (1997) Breastfeeding and catch-up growth in infants born small for gestational age. Acta Paediatrica, 86 6: 564-569. doi:10.1111/j.1651-2227.1997.tb08935.x

Author Lucas, A.
Fewtrell, M.S.
Davies, P.S.W.
Bishop, N.J.
Clough, H.
Cole, T.J.
Title Breastfeeding and catch-up growth in infants born small for gestational age
Journal name Acta Paediatrica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0803-5253
Publication date 1997-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1997.tb08935.x
Volume 86
Issue 6
Start page 564
End page 569
Total pages 6
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publisher Blackwell
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Abstract Postnatal growth was prospectively measured from birth to 1 y in 54 term infants horn small for gestational age (SGA), fed either breast milk or a standard term infant formula. Breast feeding was associated with a 0.36 and 0.64 standard deviation (SD) increase in weight at 2 weeks and 3 months of age, respectively, which persisted beyond the breastfeeding period (0.64 SD at I y). Breastfed infants also showed greater catch-up growth in head circumference (SD score (SDS) 0.53 higher at 3 months), and greater body length gain (SDS 0.68 higher at 6 months). This increased growth was independent of potentially confounding obstetric, social and demographic factors. Our findings suggest that breastfeeding may promote faster growth in infants compromised by poor growth in utero. SGA infants may be programmed for a number of adverse outcomes: the possibility that such events are altered by choice of postnatal diet is a key issue for future research.
Keyword Breast Milk
Infant Formula
Small for Gestational AgeInfant
Developmental Status
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Wed, 08 Sep 2010, 09:35:39 EST