Parents' and children's reactions to taking blood in a nutrition survey

Davies, P.S.W., Collins, D.L., Gregory, J.R. and Clarke, P.C. (1996) Parents' and children's reactions to taking blood in a nutrition survey. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 75 4: 309-313. doi:10.1136/adc.75.4.309


Author Davies, P.S.W.
Collins, D.L.
Gregory, J.R.
Clarke, P.C.
Title Parents' and children's reactions to taking blood in a nutrition survey
Journal name Archives of Disease in Childhood   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-9888
1468-2052
Publication date 1996-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/adc.75.4.309
Volume 75
Issue 4
Start page 309
End page 313
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, England
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Formatted abstract
Objective -
To assess the reactions of parents and their children to the request for a blood sample and an attempt to take blood.

Methods -
1,859 children aged 1.5-4.5 years took part in a national survey of diet and nutrition. A retrospective inquiry of the parents) and children's reported reactions was carried out six to 18 months later by postal questionnaire sent only to the 1,157 who had given consent for an attempt to take blood.

Results -
866 questionnaires were returned; 790 were from parents of children in whom an attempt to take blood had been successful. Thirteen per cent said that their child had given blood previously. About 30% discussed the request with the family doctor or nurse. Some 90% said that they were given enough information and that the phlebotomist was sympathetic. Attempting to take blood caused upset in over 50%, which, in most, lasted for less than five minutes. A substantial minority were upset for up to 30 minutes and a few for much longer. Bruising or bleeding occurred in 20-27%. Degree and duration of upset were both adversely associated with a failed attempt to obtain blood.

Conclusion -

The majority of preschool children experienced no more than a little upset of short duration after an attempt to take blood, but a substantial minority exhibited a greater degree of upset. These responses should be taken into account when assessing the benefits and risks of the procedure. The best equipment and expertise should be employed for taking blood as successful attempts are less upsetting.
Keyword Taking Blood
Distress
Bruising
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 08 Sep 2010, 09:32:43 EST