Total energy expenditure in small for gestational age infants

Davies, P.S.W., Clough, H., Bishop, N.J., Lucas, A., Cole, J.J. and Cole, T.J. (1996) Total energy expenditure in small for gestational age infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 75 1 Suppl.: F46-F48. doi:10.1136/fn.75.1.F46

Author Davies, P.S.W.
Clough, H.
Bishop, N.J.
Lucas, A.
Cole, J.J.
Cole, T.J.
Title Total energy expenditure in small for gestational age infants
Journal name Archives of Disease in Childhood   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-9888
Publication date 1996-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/fn.75.1.F46
Volume 75
Issue 1 Suppl.
Start page F46
End page F48
Total pages 3
Place of publication London, England
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Formatted abstract
Objective -
To measure total energy expenditure and body composition in small for gestational age (SGA) infants, to investigate hypermetabolism.

Methods -
A cross-sectional study was performed in 52 small for gestational age (SGA) measured at 5 weeks of age, using existing data from appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants as controls. The doubly-labelled water technique was used to assess both total energy expenditure and body composition in both cohorts of infants.

Results -

Multiple regression analysis revealed that expressing energy expenditure per kg fat free mass adjusts for body composition in infants of this age. Regression analysis also showed that the relation between total energy expenditure and fat free mass differed between the two groups.

Conclusion -
These data indicate that for a given fat free mass, the total energy expenditure of SGA infants is greater than that of AGA infants. Such data should be taken into account when energy requirements for SGA infants are being considered.
Keyword Energy Expenditures
SGA Infants
AGA Infants
Fat Free Mass
12-Week-old Infants
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Wed, 08 Sep 2010, 09:32:29 EST