Diet composition and body mass index in pre-school children

Davies, P.S.W. (1997) Diet composition and body mass index in pre-school children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 51 7: 443-448. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600423

Author Davies, P.S.W.
Title Diet composition and body mass index in pre-school children
Journal name European Journal of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0954-3007
Publication date 1997-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600423
Volume 51
Issue 7
Start page 443
End page 448
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, England
Publisher Nature Publishing
Language eng
Subject 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Formatted abstract
To investigate the relationship between diet composition and body mass index (BMI) in pre-school children.


Reanalysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5-4.5 y. Height and weight of children were used to calculate Body Mass Index (BMI) and BMI standard deviation scores. Dietary intake data were used to calculate percentage of total energy intake derived from fat, carbohydrate and protein. These data were then divided into quintiles. The data were then analysed in order to assess if there was any relationship between the diet composition and BMI.


Community based project throughout Great Britain.

1444 children aged 1.5-4.5 y.

Diet composition was assessed in terms of percentage energy derived from fat, protein and carbohydrate following a four day weighed intake carried out by the parents or carers of the child. Body size was assessed by measuring BMI and calculating the standard deviation score relative to UK reference data.

There were no trends apparent using ANOVA and multiple regression that indicated that diet composition was related to body size.

In a large cohort of pre-school children we are unable to confirm the recent findings in much smaller samples that diet composition affects body size. Other factors such as energy intake per se and levels of habitual physical activity might have a more important bearing on BMI in pre-school children.
Keyword Children
Body Mass Index
Diet Composition
Fat Diet
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Wed, 08 Sep 2010, 09:31:58 EST