Prevention of childhood drowning accidents

Pearn, John H. and Nixon, James W. (1977) Prevention of childhood drowning accidents. Medical Journal of Australia, 1 17: 616-618.

Author Pearn, John H.
Nixon, James W.
Title Prevention of childhood drowning accidents
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
Publication date 1977-04-23
Year available 1977
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 1
Issue 17
Start page 616
End page 618
Total pages 3
Place of publication Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Co.
Language eng
Subject 16 Studies in Human Society
Abstract The data from the Brisban Drowning Study have been analysed in this article to provide guidelines for preventive strategies. The separate causal links comprising the drowning chain have been identified, and quantitative scores have been assigned to the three identifiable groups of causative factors--environmental, parent-related and victim-related. The identifiable causes of child drowning are absence of a safety barrier or fence around the water hazard, non-supervision of a child, a parental "vulnerable period", an inadequate safety barrier, and tempting objects in or on the water. Effective environmental control can be achieved only through legislation. The complementary role of a public educational thrust in discussed. Increasing the tempo of "drownproofing* and of teaching children to swim will help, but the expected reduction in deaths and near-deaths from this strategy alone cannot yet be assessed. Compulsory first aid training for pool owners is required. Costs of implementing a total drowning preventive programme are presented.
Keyword Drowning - Prevention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 55 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 02 Sep 2010, 16:58:04 EST by Mr Lawson Peters on behalf of Social Sciences and Humanities Library Service