Mammalian expression of functional autologous red cell agglutination reagents for use in diagnostic assays

Hobson-Peters, J, Shan, J., Hall, R. A. and Toye, P. (2010) Mammalian expression of functional autologous red cell agglutination reagents for use in diagnostic assays. Journal of Virological Methods, 168 1-2: 177-190. doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2010.05.012


Author Hobson-Peters, J
Shan, J.
Hall, R. A.
Toye, P.
Title Mammalian expression of functional autologous red cell agglutination reagents for use in diagnostic assays
Journal name Journal of Virological Methods   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0166-0934
1879-0984
Publication date 2010-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jviromet.2010.05.012
Volume 168
Issue 1-2
Start page 177
End page 190
Total pages 14
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract The autologous red cell agglutination assay reagent consists of an antibody or antibody fragment of a human erythrocyte-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) conjugated to an antigen of interest. This bi-functional reagent causes the agglutination of the patient's erythrocytes in the presence of the antigen-specific antibodies in the patient's serum. Previously, such reagents have been produced either by chemical conjugation or recombinant expression in bacteria. These protocols required laborious processes for purification and refolding. The aim of the work reported in this article was to explore the production of the agglutination assay reagent as both a single chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragment and recombinant full-length mAb, expressed in a secreted form in commonly used mammalian cell lines. The DNA encoding the anti-erythrocyte antibodies was linked to that of a diagnostic peptide from West Nile virus, which requires glycosylation for recognition by antibodies present in the sera of infected horses. The expression vectors were designed to allow the rapid directional insertion of DNA encoding other immunogenic peptides to mediate the secretion of agglutinating scFv and full-length mAb reagents from transfected mammalian cells. Stable cell lines were produced for the expression of most, but not all of the constructs. The recombinant reagents could be used directly from the cell culture media after a simple concentration step. The results indicate that further modifications to increase the yield of recombinant protein will enable the direct use of culture supernatant in diagnostic assays without further processing.
Keyword Red cell agglutination
Mammalian expression
scFv
Recombinant antibody
Diagnostic
West Nile virus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 29 Aug 2010, 00:02:22 EST