Scavenging ducks and transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza, Java, Indonesia

Henning, Joerg, Wibawa, Hendra, Morton, John, Usman, Tri Bhakti, Junaidi, Akhmad and Meers, Joanne (2010) Scavenging ducks and transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza, Java, Indonesia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16 8: 1244-1250. doi:10.3201/eid1608.091540

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Author Henning, Joerg
Wibawa, Hendra
Morton, John
Usman, Tri Bhakti
Junaidi, Akhmad
Meers, Joanne
Title Scavenging ducks and transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza, Java, Indonesia
Journal name Emerging Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1080-6040
Publication date 2010-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3201/eid1608.091540
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 16
Issue 8
Start page 1244
End page 1250
Total pages 7
Place of publication Atlanta, GA, United States
Publisher National Center for Infectious Diseases
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
Formatted abstract
In Java, Indonesia, during March 2007–March 2008, 96 farms with scavenging ducks that were not vaccinated against highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) were monitored bimonthly. Bird-level (prevalence among individual birds) H5 seroprevalence was 2.6% for ducks and 0.5% for chickens in contact with ducks. At least 1 seropositive bird was detected during 19.5% and 2.0% of duck- and chicken-flock visits, respectively. Duck flocks were 12.4× more likely than chicken flocks to have seropositive birds. During 21.4% of farm visits, ³1 sampled duck was H5 seropositive when all sampled in-contact chickens were seronegative. Subtype H5 virus was detected during 2.5% of duck-flock visits and 1.5% of chicken-flock visits. When deaths from HPAI infection occurred, H5 virus shedding occurred in apparently healthy birds on 68.8% of farms. Of 180 poultry deaths investigated, 43.9% were attributed to H5 virus. These longitudinal study results indicate that ducks are a source of infection for chickens and, potentially, for humans.
Keyword Hong-kong
A Viruses
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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Created: Sun, 15 Aug 2010, 00:05:39 EST