Outcomes of parental use of psychological aggression on children: A structural model from Sri Lanka

de Zoysa, Piyanjali, Newcombe, Peter A. and Rajapakse, Lalinin (2010) Outcomes of parental use of psychological aggression on children: A structural model from Sri Lanka. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25 8: 1542-1560. doi:10.1177/0886260509354582

Author de Zoysa, Piyanjali
Newcombe, Peter A.
Rajapakse, Lalinin
Title Outcomes of parental use of psychological aggression on children: A structural model from Sri Lanka
Journal name Journal of Interpersonal Violence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0886-2605
Publication date 2010-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0886260509354582
Volume 25
Issue 8
Start page 1542
End page 1560
Total pages 19
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, U.S.A.
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract The objective of this study was to explore the existence and, if so, the nature of the association between parental use of psychological aggression and psychological maladjustment in a 12-year-old Sri Lankan school population. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 1,226 children from Colombo district schools. Three instruments, validated in the Sri Lankan context, were used to collect data on children’s experience of psychological aggression, its psychological outcomes, and psychosocial correlates. The annual prevalence of psychological aggression reported by the study sample was 75%. A predictive model for psychological outcomes was examined. The experience of psychological aggression was shown to be moderately, but directly and significantly, associated with psychological maladjustment in children. This association was mediated by non—parentto-child violence—the child’s knowledge of violence between the parents, experience of teacher violence, exposure to peer violence, and violence in the child’s community. However, the child’s report of a nurturant parent—child relationship did not impact on the association between psychological aggression and psychological maladjustment. The study also indicated that greater the child’s experience of non—parent-to-child violence, the greater is his/her own level of hostility and aggression. These findings show that although many Sri Lankan parents use psychological aggression it has negative consequences for their children. Copyright © 2011 by Sage Publications
Keyword Disciplining
Psychological aggression
Psychological maladjustment
Sri Lanka
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
School of Psychology Publications
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Created: Sun, 01 Aug 2010, 00:04:11 EST