Kinaesthetic judgements and refinement of striking action

Roberts, Andrew B., Mon-Williams, Mark, Tresilian, James R. and Burgess-Limerick, Robin (2000) Kinaesthetic judgements and refinement of striking action. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 42 8: 518-524. doi:10.1017/S0012162200000992

Author Roberts, Andrew B.
Mon-Williams, Mark
Tresilian, James R.
Burgess-Limerick, Robin
Title Kinaesthetic judgements and refinement of striking action
Journal name Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0012-1622
Publication date 2000-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0012162200000992
Volume 42
Issue 8
Start page 518
End page 524
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, UK
Publisher Wiley Blackwell
Language eng
Subject 110603 Motor Control
Abstract Little is known about the developmental course of striking action. This cross-sectional study explored the refinement of striking in 28 children aged between 4 and 12 years and investigated how well they could use kinaesthesis to gauge the length of an unseen bat. The kinematic data (including smoothness of movement) showed quantitative differences between the age groups. In contrast, no differences were found in the children's ability to judge the length of the unseen bat: within three strikes all of the children had made a clean hit, indicating that they had successfully judged bat length. The children then appeared to memorize the bat with which they had accurately hit the target and made: (1) minimal errors when using this bat in later trials and (2) predictable errors when using two other bats of different sizes. The results show that the striking action becomes optimized over childhood, with smoothness of movement providing an index of this refinement. The findings also suggest that young children have a higher level of kinaesthetic sensitivity than has been assumed previously on the basis of static limb positioning tasks. The results suggest that the striking task used in this study might be a useful tool for investigating the development of movement skills in children with developmental disorders.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Mon, 26 Jul 2010, 15:00:39 EST by Laura McTaggart