Phylogeny of moth lacewings and giant lacewings (Neuroptera: Ithonidae, Polystoechotidae) using DNA sequence data, morphology, and fossils

Winterton, Shaun L. and Makarkin, Vladimir N. (2010) Phylogeny of moth lacewings and giant lacewings (Neuroptera: Ithonidae, Polystoechotidae) using DNA sequence data, morphology, and fossils. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 103 4: 511-522. doi:10.1603/AN10026


Author Winterton, Shaun L.
Makarkin, Vladimir N.
Title Phylogeny of moth lacewings and giant lacewings (Neuroptera: Ithonidae, Polystoechotidae) using DNA sequence data, morphology, and fossils
Journal name Annals of the Entomological Society of America   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0013-8746
1938-2901
Publication date 2010-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1603/AN10026
Volume 103
Issue 4
Start page 511
End page 522
Total pages 12
Place of publication Colombus, OH., U.S.A.
Publisher Entomological Society of America
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
060301 Animal Systematics and Taxonomy
Formatted abstract
A phylogeny of lacewing families Ithonidae and Polystoechotidae is presented based on three gene markers (16S and 18S ribosomal DNA and CAD) and 23 morphological characters. Living and fossil genera presently placed in Polystoechotidae (Fontecilla Navás, Platystoechotes Carpenter and Polystoechotes Burmeister) and Ithonidae (Adamsiana Penny, Allorapisma Makarkin & Archibald, Ithone Newman, Megalithone Riek, Oliarces Banks, Principiala Makarkin & Menon, Rapisma Walker and Varnia Walker) were included in phylogenetic analyses (parsimony and Bayesian) and compared with outgroups selected from various families of Neuroptera. The resulting phylogeny recovered a monophyletic clade comprising Ithonidae and Polystoechotidae as hypothesized previously. Rapismatidae as a separate family is not supported and Ithonidae are rendered paraphyletic with three extant genera previously placed in Ithonidae (Adamsiana, Oliarces, and Rapisma), recovered deep within Polystoechotidae. The fossil genera Allorapisma and Principiala formed a sister-group relationship with Rapisma, also within Polystoechotidae. Due to the lack of mutually exclusive synapomorphies for either Ithonidae or Polystoechotidae, a single more inclusive family Ithonidae is proposed, including all ithonid genera and all genera previously placed in Polystoechotidae. Synapomorphies characterizing the revised concept of Ithonidae s.l. are discussed.
© 2010 Entomological Society of America.

Keyword Phylogeny
Rapismatidae
Ithonidae
Polystoechotidae
Lacewing
Cladistic-analysis
Revision
Insecta
Hemerobiidae
Denmark
Eocene
Record
Genus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 25 Jul 2010, 00:09:48 EST