The diagnostic accuracy of telerehabilitation for nonarticular lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders

Russell, Trevor, Truter, Piers, Blumke, Robert and Richardson, Bradley (2010) The diagnostic accuracy of telerehabilitation for nonarticular lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders. Telemedicine Journal and e-Health, 16 5: 585-594. doi:10.1089/tmj.2009.0163

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Author Russell, Trevor
Truter, Piers
Blumke, Robert
Richardson, Bradley
Title The diagnostic accuracy of telerehabilitation for nonarticular lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders
Journal name Telemedicine Journal and e-Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1530-5627
1556-3669
Publication date 2010-06-24
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1089/tmj.2009.0163
Volume 16
Issue 5
Start page 585
End page 594
Total pages 10
Place of publication New Rochelle, N.Y., U. S. A.
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: Musculoskeletal conditions are highly prevalent and disabling, particularly in rural and remote areas. In these areas, access to rehabilitation services is limited by the availability of physical therapists. Telerehabilitation may be a feasible solution to the issue of rural physical therapy service access; however, there is little existing evidence for clinical efficacy. The aim of this study was to establish the criterion validity and reliability of remote physical assessment and diagnosis of nonarticular lower limb musculoskeletal conditions via telerehabilitation.

Materials and Methods: Nineteen participants with existing nonarticular lower limb musculoskeletal conditions were assessed by a face-to-face therapist and a remote therapist to establish criterion validity of telerehabilitation. Video recordings from the telerehabilitation session were reviewed after 1 month by the remote therapist to establish intrarater reliability and by a second remote therapist to establish interrater reliability. Patho-anatomical diagnoses, system diagnoses, and the findings of the physical examination were compared statistically.

Results: There was 79% or higher primary diagnosis agreement (same or similar diagnoses) and 79% or higher exact system diagnosis agreement for validity, intrarater reliability, and interrater reliability studies. The physical examination findings showed substantial agreement (0.61<κ<0.80) in the validity study and almost perfect agreement (0.81<κ<1.00) in the intrarater and interrater reliability studies.

Conclusions: Using telerehabilitation for musculoskeletal physical therapy assessment of nonarticular lower limb conditions was found to be valid and reliable. Existing diagnostic reasoning can be applied; however, new methods of patient self-examination are needed to enable differential diagnosis.
Keyword telerehabilitation
physical therapy
musculoskeletal
validity
reliability
lower limb
Low back pain
Intertester reliability
classification system
Physical therapists
Controlled Trial
Low bandwidth
Internet
Telepsychiatry
Acceptability
Telemedicine
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 11 Jul 2010, 00:01:09 EST