The Effect of 4 Weeks Fasting during Ramadan on Body Composition in Muslim Arab Males:

Grantham, Justin R., Belhaj, Jilal and Balasekaran, G. (2007). The Effect of 4 Weeks Fasting during Ramadan on Body Composition in Muslim Arab Males:. In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. ACSM 54th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, (S293-S293). 30 May- 2 June 2007. doi:10.1249/01.mss.0000274133.54475.65


Author Grantham, Justin R.
Belhaj, Jilal
Balasekaran, G.
Title of paper The Effect of 4 Weeks Fasting during Ramadan on Body Composition in Muslim Arab Males:
Conference name ACSM 54th Annual Meeting
Conference location New Orleans, Louisiana
Conference dates 30 May- 2 June 2007
Proceedings title Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication [Maryland]
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Year 2007
Sub-type Poster
DOI 10.1249/01.mss.0000274133.54475.65
ISSN 0195-9131
Volume 39
Issue Suppl 5
Start page S293
End page S293
Total pages 1
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary


BACKGROUND. The Holy Month of Ramadan sees Muslim's worldwide fast for four weeks between sunrise and sunset. Several studies have been conducted to examine changes in body composition with Ramadan, yet most have not employed sufficient control measures. Therefore, most theories suggesting Ramadan reduces body mass and fat are based on anecdotal evidence.

PURPOSE. To examine the effect of four weeks of fasting during the Holy Month of Ramadan on body composition in Muslim Arab males.

METHODS. Forty-two males aged 23.6 ± 1.6 yrs (mean ± SE) undertook four different trials over a three month period. The first trial was conducted one month before Ramadan (CON1), the second in the days before Ramadan (PRE), the third in the final two days of Ramadan (POST) and the fourth one month after Ramadan (CON2). A single researcher conducted all sampling, at the same time of the day. Recorded data included 3-day dietary and monthly activity recalls, anthropometric and body composition measurements, including body height and mass, Hip:Waist Ratio (HWR) and seven skinfold measurements. Differences between trials were analyzed with a One-way ANOVA with Tukey 's post-hoc tests. Significance was set at the P<0.05 level.

RESULTS.
No changes were recorded between trials in body mass (CON1, 75.6 ± 2.6; PRE, 75.3 ± 2.5; POST, 75.0 ± 2.6; CON2, 75.4 ± 2.6 kg), individual site skinfold measurements, calculated % body fat (CON1, 21.0 ± 1.0; PRE, 20.0 ± 1.0; POST, 19.7 ± 1.0; CON2, 20.2 ± 1.1 %), fat mass, and fat free mass. Estimated weekly energy expenditure (EE) (CON1, 1647.3 ± 512.0; PRE, 1255.6 ± 333.1; POST, 1133.0 ± 238.64; CON2, 796.3 ± 199.2 kcal) and daily energy intake (CON1, 1617.7 ± 72.4; PRE, 1489.7 ± 79.4; POST, 1385.5 ± 60.0; CON2, 1381.4 ± 74.9 kcal), reduced significantly over the three month trial period. Fat (CON1, 61.0 ± 6.1; PRE, 49.3 ± 4.6; POST, 48.0 ± 4.8; CON2, 45.5 ± 4.7 g) and protein (CON1, 79.8 ± 5.8; PRE, 66.2 ± 5.4; POST, 63.0 ± 4.6; CON2, 65.1 ± 5.2 g) consumption significantly altered over the testing period. However, there was no difference in EE, daily energy intake, fat and protein between the PRE and POST trials.

CONCLUSION. The results suggest within this cohort that four weeks of daylight fasting observed during Ramadan does not influence energy expenditure, total energy intake and body composition.

©2007The American College of Sports Medicine
Subjects 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Keyword body composition
Life Style
Muslim Arab males
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes 1774

 
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Created: Fri, 09 Jul 2010, 10:29:15 EST by Ms May Balasaize on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences