In a nutshell: The identification and archaeological application of experimentally defined correlates of Macrozamia seed processing

Asmussen, Brit (2010) In a nutshell: The identification and archaeological application of experimentally defined correlates of Macrozamia seed processing. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37 9: 2117-2125. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.009

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Author Asmussen, Brit
Title In a nutshell: The identification and archaeological application of experimentally defined correlates of Macrozamia seed processing
Formatted title
In a nutshell: The identification and archaeological application of experimentally defined correlates of Macrozamia seed processing
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
1095-9238
Publication date 2010-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.009
Open Access Status
Volume 37
Issue 9
Start page 2117
End page 2125
Total pages 9
Editor John P. Grattan
Richard G. Klein
Thilo Rehren
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology
Formatted abstract
This paper describes the methods and results of ethnographically-based replicative seed processing experiments conducted on Australian Macrozamia moorei seeds. Archaeological evidence indicates that these seeds were consumed by Australian hunter–gatherers in both the Pleistocene and Holocene. The experiments identified three features indicative of human processing and tested the effect of different processing variables (striking position, indentor type, thermal modification and presence of outer flesh) on the frequency of these diagnostic criteria. The results demonstrate that it is possible to use the physical modifications on individual seed specimens to identify the anthropogenic fracture of seeds and specific methods used to process them. These criteria were used in the analysis of M. moorei seeds from mid-Holocene-aged archaeological sites in central Queensland, Australia. The results indicate that seeds with and without sarcotesta were processed using a wooden indentor via side striking techniques. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Keyword Cycad
Experiment
Macrobotanical
Macrozamia
Plant processing
Replicative
Seed
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 06 Jul 2010, 10:11:21 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science