Mechanisms driving change: Altered species interactions and ecosystem function through global warming

Traill, Lochran W., Lim, Matthew L., Sodhi, Navjot S. and Bradshaw, Corey J. A. (2010) Mechanisms driving change: Altered species interactions and ecosystem function through global warming. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79 5: 937-947. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01695.x


Author Traill, Lochran W.
Lim, Matthew L.
Sodhi, Navjot S.
Bradshaw, Corey J. A.
Title Mechanisms driving change: Altered species interactions and ecosystem function through global warming
Journal name Journal of Animal Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-8790
1365-2656
Publication date 2010-09
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01695.x
Volume 79
Issue 5
Start page 937
End page 947
Total pages 11
Editor Jenny Guthrie
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Blackwell Scientific
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
0501 Ecological Applications
Formatted abstract
1. We review the mechanisms behind ecosystem functions, the processes that facilitate energy transfer along food webs, and the major processes that allow the cycling of carbon, oxygen and nitrogen, and use case studies to show how these have already been, and will continue to be, altered by global warming.
2. Increased temperatures will affect the interactions between heterotrophs and autotrophs (e.g. pollination and seed dispersal), and between heterotrophs (e.g. predators-prey, parasites/pathogens-hosts), with generally negative ramifications for important ecosystem services (functions that provide direct benefit to human society such as pollination) and potential for heightened species co-extinction rates.
3. Mitigation of likely impacts of warming will require, in particular, the maintenance of species diversity as insurance for the provision of basic ecosystem services. Key to this will be long-term monitoring and focused research that seek to maintain ecosystem resilience in the face of global warming.
4. We provide guidelines for pursuing research that quantifies the nexus between ecosystem function and global warming. These include documentation of key functional species groups within systems, and understanding the principal outcomes arising from direct and indirect effects of a rapidly warming environment. Localized and targeted research and monitoring, complemented with laboratory work, will determine outcomes for resilience and guide adaptive conservation responses and long-term planning.
©2010 The Authors. Journal compilation ©2010 British Ecological Society
Keyword Ecosystem function
Ecosystem service
Global warming
Heterotrophs
Resilience
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Faculty of Science Publications
Official 2011 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 63 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 05 Jul 2010, 15:45:08 EST by Joni Taylor on behalf of School of Biological Sciences