Health occupies centre stage in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This resource provides a brief outline of the historic background to the increasing cooperation of global players over the 2nd half of the 20th Century. The movement began after World War II, progressed to the health commitments stated in the Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 and culminated in the MDGs of 2000.
In 2000 the global community made an historic commitment: to eradicate extreme poverty and improve the health and welfare of the world’s poorest people within 15 years. The commitment was set forth in the Millennium Declaration which was signed by 189 countries. Derived from it are eight time-bound goals, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The MDGs have gained widespread acceptance in rich and poor countries alike because they are seen to provide an overarching framework for development efforts as well as benchmarks against which to judge success. Fulfilment of the MDGs has a target date of 2015.
This resource will discuss the MDGs that are directly related to health. Other Goals which are indirectly linked, but depend on health for their progress, will also be mentioned. Themes covered include: • Health aspects of Millennium Development Goals; • General progress on fulfilling the MDGs; • The core elements of the WHO’s strategy for achieving the MDGs Aspects of analysing MDG progress, cost-effectiveness of MDG health interventions, policy making and mobilising resources are considered in a separate Learning Resource
The following three Learning Resources were created for the University of Queensland (UQ) School of Medicine UNMDG Project. They aim to promote understanding of aspects of global health and development, including the Millennium Development Goals, which is important for all medical graduates. 1. Health and the Millennium Development Goals 2. Health and Development: How World Health Needs and Aid Organisations Interact 3. Health Funding and Cost-Effectiveness in Fulfilling the Millennium Development Goals The Learning Resources are based on the Course Guide for the Health and Development Course (PUBH7113) at the UQ School of Population Health. They were assembled by Nancy Merridew, UNMDG Project Convenor and reviewed by Dr Fernanda Claudio and Professor Alan Lopez. The assistance of Dr Eliana Jimenez in producing these Learning Resources is gratefully acknowledged.