ADVANCED APPROACHES FOR ELECTRICITY MARKET PRICE FORECASTING

Xia Chen (2010). ADVANCED APPROACHES FOR ELECTRICITY MARKET PRICE FORECASTING PhD Thesis, School of Information Technol and Elec Engineering, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Xia Chen
Thesis Title ADVANCED APPROACHES FOR ELECTRICITY MARKET PRICE FORECASTING
School, Centre or Institute School of Information Technol and Elec Engineering
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-05
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Zhao Yang Dong
Total pages 151
Total colour pages 34
Total black and white pages 117
Subjects 09 Engineering
Abstract/Summary Electricity price forecasting is an important task for electricity market participants since the very beginning of the deregulation. Accurate forecasting is essential for designing bidding strategy, risk management, and market operation. However, due to the compli-cated factors affecting electricity prices, there are more uncertainties in electricity price forecasting and hence more complex than demand forecasting. This makes accurate price forecasting very difficult. In the last decade, several methods have been developed in order to fully capture the peculiarities of electricity price dynamics, from classic econometric time series models, e.g., autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model, generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH) model to modern machine learning based techniques such as artificial neural networks (ANN) and sup-port vector machine (SVM). In spite of all models proposed in the literature, there is still no clear consensus about which model is substantively outperforming others. Therefore, when a single method is used, decision-makers are facing the risk of not choosing the best one. On the other hand, the prediction of electricity market prices still involves large errors. If decision-makers take the prediction result on faith, prediction errors could exposure them to serious financial risks. Based on these findings, it can conclude that (1) systematic methodologies and implementations which can efficiently address model selection uncertainty in price forecasting require an investigation; (2) more powerful and robust price forecasting models are still needed to reduce the fore-cast errors; and (3) In addition, the emphasis of price forecasting should shift away from point forecast to uncertainty around the forecast. Unfortunately, most researches in this area have been devoted to finding the single “best” estimates rather than dealing with the uncertainty in model selection and quantifying the predictive uncertainty. In this thesis the research focus is on: (1) finding methodologies and efficient imple-mentations to deal with the uncertainty in model selection; (2) developing more power-ful machine learning based approaches to model electricity spot prices and further im-proving the accuracy of electricity market price forecast; and (3) incorporating uncer-tainty estimation into the application of price forecasting. The thesis makes three main contributions to the study of this topic. Firstly, it proposes linear, nonlinear forecast combination frameworks to deal with model selection prob-lem; secondly, it introduces two novel models: support vector machine based nonlinear generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity model (SVM-GARCH) and extreme learning machine (ELM) to the price forecasting and furthermore gives a series of bootstrap-based interval construction procedures to quantify the prediction uncer-tainty. Finally, it proposes a more robust interval forecasting approach which is based on quantile regression to electricity price forecasting literature. The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approaches have been tested based on real market data of Australian National Electricity Market (NEM).
Keyword Electricity market price forecasting, model uncertainty, probabilistic interval forecasting
Additional Notes 26,31-33,64-68,81-85,89-94,105-107,110-114,126-131

 
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Created: Sat, 12 Jun 2010, 16:26:55 EST by Ms Xia Chen on behalf of Library - Information Access Service